Biophilic Design: Enhancing Mental Health Through Nature-Inspired Architecture

Biophilic design? We are surrounded by the vibrant energy of bustling metropolises.


It is transforming our living spaces and evoking nature engagement. This is biophilic design strategies— a philosophy of architectural design that weaves natural elements into our artificial environments, transcending mere visual charm to profoundly influence our mental and physical health.

Far from being a fleeting trend, the biophilic design emerges as a testament to the human evolution needs for nature. We’re not creatures purely of steel, concrete, and asphalt. The human mind and body still instinctively look for natural systems of patterns in our living and working spaces.

Understanding Biophilic Designs

Historically, architecture has served the basic human need for shelter and security. But as societies evolved, so did architectural philosophies. The rise of biophilic architecture design can be traced back to the increasing awareness of our disconnection from the straight lines of the natural world, especially as urbanization grew. This design philosophy is a bridge, reconnecting us to the natural world from which we have increasingly isolated ourselves.

The principles of biophilic design are as varied as nature itself:

  • Natural lighting
  • Plant life and terrapin bright green spaces
  • Water elements
  • Natural analogues and materials
  • Views of nature
  • Incorporating natural shapes

Biophilic design, at its core, is about creating spaces that are not just habitable, but habitable in a way that is psychologically and physically beneficial. It’s a design philosophy that acknowledges our deep-seated need to connect with the natural world and seeks to fulfill that need, even in the heart of the concrete jungle.

Natural Light

Natural light, which has been proven to regulate our circadian rhythms and improve mood, plays a crucial role. Architects design spaces that maximize the use of daylight, creating bright, airy environments or natural habitat that change character with the passage of the sun.

Plant Life And Green Spaces

Plant life and green spaces are also central to biophilic design. Whether it’s an indoor garden, a green walls, or simply potted plants, the presence of greenery can reduce stress, improve natural ventilation or air quality, and even enhance well being, productivity, and creativity. It’s not just about having plants in a space; it’s about creating a sense of living within a landscape.

Water Elements

Water elements add a dynamic, soothing presence. Some examples are:

  • Fountains
  • Waterfalls
  • Aquariums

The sound of water has been shown to be calming, helping to reduce stress and anxiety. In biophilic spaces, water’s natural features are more than decorative – they are a sensory experience, connecting us to the elemental aspect of natural landscapes of nature.


Natural Materials

Natural material plays a pivotal role, too. Wood, stone, and other natural materials are not only environmentally sustainable but also bring an organic, grounding presence into spaces. These materials remind us of the earth, the forests, and the mountains, subtly linking the built environment to the natural world.

Biophilic Design On Views Of Nature

Views of nature, whether real or simulated, can have a significant impact. Windows that frame a garden, a park, or even distant mountains can provide a visual escape and a reminder of the world beyond our immediate surroundings.

Natural Shapes And Forms

Naturalistic shapes and forms in architecture draw on the inherent beauty and complexity of the natural world. From the fractal natural patterns of a leaf to the sweeping curves of a hillside, these natural forms resonate on a deep, subconscious level, creating spaces that are not only beautiful but also inherently comforting.

The Connection Between Nature And Mental Health

Have you ever felt happier and more relaxed after spending time in a park or a garden? Scientists have found that nature has a special way of making our minds feel better. This part of our article looks at how being around nature can help our mental health, why natural things in modern buildings make us feel good, and some real-life examples where this has worked wonders.

Nature Makes Us Feel Good

Imagine walking through a forest, listening to birds chirping, and feeling the gentle breeze. Doesn’t that sound peaceful? Researchers have discovered that when we spend time in nature, it can make us feel happier and less stressed. In one study, people who walked in a natural area felt more relaxed and less worried than those who walked in a city. It’s like nature has its own special power to wipe away our worries and make us smile.

Why Natural Biophilic Stuff In Buildings Is Awesome For Our Minds

Now, let’s talk about buildings. You know, like houses, schools, and offices. What if we brought a bit of nature into these places? Things like plants, water, and lots of sunlight make indoor spaces feel more like an outdoor space. When buildings have these natural elements, people inside often feel calmer and happier. It’s like having a little piece of a forest or a garden right where we live or work.

How Architecture Affects Mental Health

The spaces we spend most of our time profoundly shape our emotions, behaviors, and overall mental health. This understanding forms the foundation of environmental psychology – a field that examines the interplay between people and their physical surroundings. It might not seem obvious, but even the designs of the buildings that surround us have a significant effect on your state of mind and mental health.

Our daily environments, especially in urban contexts, are often dominated by concrete, glass, and steel. This urban fabric, while symbolizing modern progress, can sometimes create spaces in a sense of detachment from the natural world. Here, biophilic design intervenes as a restorative agent, bridging the gap between urban living and the innate human need to connect with nature.


Biophilic Designs On Mental Health

Numerous studies have shown that environments lacking natural elements can contribute to feelings of anxiety, depression, and overall stress. On the flip side, spaces that incorporate nature have a markedly different effect. These environments can boost mood, increase feelings of well-being, and even enhance cognitive functions like memory and attention.

By bringing elements of the natural world into our daily spaces, we can significantly improve mental well-being, creating environments that are not only functional but also supportive of our psychological needs.

Stress Reduction With Designs

Natural elements like plants, water features, and natural light have a calming effect on the human psyche. Studies have consistently shown that environments with biophilic landscape design can significantly reduce stress and anxiety levels. For instance, the presence of indoor plants or views of greenery can lower blood pressure and heart rate, leading to a more relaxed state.

Enhanced Mood And Emotional Well-Being

Exposure to a natural environment can improve mood and increase feelings of happiness and emotional stability. Natural light, particularly sunlight, is crucial in regulating serotonin levels, a neurotransmitter associated with mood balance. Biophilic design, by incorporating elements like large windows, skylights, and indoor gardens, helps bring these positive effects of nature indoors.

Improved Cognitive Function

Biophilic environments can enhance cognitive functions such as concentration, attention, and creativity. The natural world stimulates the senses in a way that urban environments often do not, leading to greater mental engagement and productivity.

Promotion Of Healing And Recuperation

In human health settings, biophilic design has been linked to faster recovery rates for patients. Views of nature from hospital windows, indoor plants, and gardens can expedite healing by reducing stress and promoting a positive outlook. Research has shown that patients exposed to natural views require less pain medication and experience shorter hospital stays.

Enhanced Connection And Empathy

Biophilic design can also foster a sense of human connection and empathy among inhabitants. Natural environments encourage social interaction and a feeling of being part of a larger community or modern society, both crucial for mental health.

Shared green spaces, for instance, are not only relaxation points but also communal areas that encourage social interactions, thereby enhancing community bonds and individual sense of belonging.

Mitigation Of Mental Fatigue

Urban environments, with their high stimuli, can lead to sensory overload and mental fatigue. Biophilic design, with its emphasis on natural elements and simpler, organic forms, provides a restorative environment that can help alleviate mental fatigue. This restoration is particularly important in high-stress settings like workplaces or educational institutions.

Connection To The Natural World

On a broader scale, biophilic design helps maintain a connection with the natural world, which can be increasingly scarce in urban settings. This connection is essential for mental health as it helps ground individuals, providing a sense of place and continuity in a fast-paced, often chaotic world.

Integrating Biophilic Designs For Mental Health

In embracing biophilic design, we acknowledge a fundamental truth about human nature’s connection – our deep-seated affinity for the natural world. Architectural design concepts aren’t just trends — they’re an indicator of how we as humans interact with the environments we create, artificial or otherwise. Biophilic design helps blend nature and artificial design to combine the health benefits of modern thinking with the innate benefits being in nature brings — but that doesn’t mean we’re limited to natural methods only. Using digital architectural design, we can create even better spaces.

As architects, we are uniquely positioned to define the spaces in which countless people will live, work, and thrive. Taking advantage of biophilic design lets us create environments that are efficient while also being nourishing to the human spirit and beneficial to the mental health of the people within it.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What are the 5 senses of biophilic design?
What are the three principles of biophilic design?
What is the meaning of biophilic?
How do you create a biophilic design?
What is the purpose of biophilic design?
What are the main points of biophilic design?
What are examples of biophilic design?
What are the benefits of biophilic design on the environment?
What are the principles and benefits of biophilic design?
Is biophilic design a style?
What is the origin of biophilic design?
What is a biophilic pattern?
How does biophilic design affect people?
How is biophilic design sustainable?
Is biophilic design the future?
What is the aesthetic of biophilic design?

Author: Kathleen Hingan

About The Author Kathleen has been a contributor for BetterHelp for more than a year. Before that, she was consistently conducting academic research on mental health primarily on the topics of power dynamics in an industrial setting, social stigmas, development psychology and gender psychology. Education Kathleen has a Bachelor’s Degree in Psychology. Aside from being a dedicated writer, she is also a health and fitness advocate. She is a CrossFit athlete and is currently training to be a certified trainer. Why I Write Kathleen’s passion for writing originated from her desire to reach millions of people through her articles and to serve as an inspiration to have a happy, healthy, joyful, and wealthy life. She believes that through knowledge, everybody can do whatever they desire to do and contribute to the greater good of the society. Why Health & Family Are Important Health and family are very important to Kathleen. She goes to the gym at least 5 to 6 times a weeks, does yoga daily and makes sure to reach 10,000 steps every single day. Being healthy enables Kathy to serve her purpose to the society and at the same time help other people to live a better quality of life. Being with her family is her burning inspiration to keep doing what she is doing.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *